Arteology, or the study of professional skills

List of Contents

Number (140) at the end of line gives the filename (140.htm)

En Español  In Finnish   Contents

PLANNING A RESEARCH PROJECT

Finding Information in Texts 140

  1. Finding References
  2. Obtaining the Texts
  3. Assessing the Information

Planning an Empirical Study 144

  1. The Goal of Research
  2. Descriptive Idiographic Approach
  3. Descriptive Nomothetic Approach
  4. Normative Approaches
  5. Modifying the Method of Another Investigation
  6. Planning the Use of Resources

Ethics of Research 151

  1. The Ethics of Selecting the Problem
  2. The Ethics of Collecting Data
  3. The Ethics of Publishing
  4. The Ethics of Application
  5. What to do in dubious situations

Demarcating the Study 15a

  1. Delimiting the Target Population
  2. Delimiting the Class of Informants
  3. Delimiting the Class of Evaluators
  4. If the Population is Very Large

Sampling 152

  1. Random Samples
  2. Non-random Samples
  3. Sample Size

Modes of Knowing 148

Registering Facts 154

  1. Definitions
  2. Scales and other languages of description
  3. How to minimize errors

Models 15b

  1. Written language
  2. Icon models
  3. Topological models
  4. Arithmetic models
  5. Analogous models
  6. Normative Models

Models in the Research Process 177

  1. Exploratory Research
  2. Research on the Basis of Earlier Theory
  3. Hypothesis-based Study

DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH

Gathering Empirical Data 160

  1. Studying Inanimate Objects 161
  2. Observation 162
  3. The Experiment 163
  4. Interrogating Methods 164

Selecting the Method for Descriptive Analysis 170

  1. Analysis - Nucleus of the Research Project
  2. Synchronic (cross sectional) analysis
  3. Analyzing Development 174

Assessing the Results 188

  1. Assessing Theoretical Input
  2. Assessing Input Data
  3. Assessing Correctness of Analysis
  4. Assessing Theoretical Output

Forecasting 190

  1. Delphi Method
  2. Analogy Method
  3. Extrapolation
  4. Applying a Statistical Model
  5. Applying a Causal Model
  6. Determining Limits
  7. Assessing and Describing Uncertainty

Reporting 195

  1. Descriptive Report
  2. General Normative Report
  3. Normative Case Report
  4. How to Make the Report

NORMATIVE RESEARCH

Normative Point of View 178

  1. Interest Groups
  2. Mediating Opinions in Contrast
  3. Forecasting Opinions

Collecting Normative Data 166

  1. What Are Normative Data?
  2. Existing Sources of Normative Data
  3. Empirical Normative Recording

Normative Analysis and Preparing the Proposal 179

  1. Logic of Normative Analysis
  2. Analyzing requirements
  3. Creating the proposal
  4. Participative Methods

Evaluating Normative Proposals 189

  1. Collective Evaluation
  2. Theoretical Evaluation
  3. Testing

Normative Reporting 196

  1. Report of Draft Proposals
  2. Report as Instruction of New Practice
  3. Reporting the Progress of the Normative Project

How to Create Theory of Design 122

  1. Format of Presentation of Design Theory
  2. Preparing Design Theory

Developing an Industrial Product 130

  1. Logic of Product Development
  2. Analysis in Product Development 13a
  3. Synthesis in Product Development 13b
  4. Evaluation in Product Development 13c

Developing an Activity 120

  1. Selecting the Approach
  2. Action Research
  3. Methods Engineering
  4. How to Create Theory for an Activity

Developing Art With Scientific Methods 133

  1. Descriptive research of art
  2. Normative development of the theory of art
  3. Scientific development of a single work of art

DESCRIPTIVE THEORY

Evolution of Descriptive Theory 124

  1. Preparadigmatic Phase
  2. Maturation of a New Branch of Science
  3. Self-correction of descriptive science
  4. Revolutions in Descriptive Sciences

Options of Descriptive Theory 150

  1. Relation of Empiria and Theory
  2. Theoretical and Practical Goals of Research
  3. Explicit Knowledge and Tacit Knowledge
  4. Knowledge and Opinion
  5. Specific and General Knowledge
  6. Description and Explanation

In principle, this group should include a summary of scientific reports about production and products.


NORMATIVE THEORY

Evolution of Normative Theory 126

  1. Logic of Natural Evolution
  2. Logic of Deliberate Development
  3. Self-correction of normative science
  4. Revolutions in normative sciences

Theories of Activities:

  1. Theory of Service 127
  2. Theory of Production (contemporary) 121
  3. Early Theories of Production (an historical overview) 125

Theories of Products:

Theory of Design 123

  1. Approaches of Arteology
  2. Format of Presentation of Design Theory
  3. Paradigms of Design Theory

Theory of Furniture 138

  1. Idiographic Studies of Furniture
  2. Nomothetic Theory of Furniture (contemporary)

Theory of Architecture 135

  1. Thematic Theories of Architecture (an historical overview) 13k
  2. Theories of Architectural Synthesis 13l

Theories of Design Goals:

Product Usability 168

  1. Modes of Using a Product
  2. Aspects of Usability
  3. Usability of Interactive Products by Turkka Keinonen 158
  4. Methods of Research and Development 169

Product Economy 156

  1. Descriptive Study of Economy
  2. Normative Study of Economy
  3. Research Methods

Product Ecology 137

  1. Ecological Studies in Design
  2. Ecology of Manufacture
  3. Ecology of Product Use
  4. Recycling
  5. Methods of Research and Development

Beauty of a Product 155

  1. Early Theories of Beauty 15k
  2. Descriptive Theory of Beauty
  3. Normative Theory of Beauty
  4. Research Methods

Message of a Product 157

  1. Early Theories of Message 15v
  2. Product as Statement
  3. Product as Allusion
  4. Product as Component of Message
  5. Research Methods

Product Safety 159

  1. Risks related to products
  2. Research Methods

En Español  In Finnish   Contents

August 3, 2007.
Comments to the author:

Original location: http://www2.uiah.fi/projects/metodi